◆S&Pが米国債を「AAプラス」に格下げ、見通し「ネガティブ」(2011年 08月 6日 11:26 ロイターより)
「[ニューヨーク 5日 ロイター] 米格付け会社のスタンダード&プアーズ(S&P)は5日、米国の長期信用格付けを最上級の「AAA」から「AAプラス」に1段階引き下げた。米国債が最上級の格付けを失うのは史上初。




◆米格下げの警戒感は後退、レポ市場に影響出ればドル調達に支障も(2011年 08月 6日 ロイターより)


United States of America Long-Term Rating Lowered To 'AA+' On Political Risks And Rising Debt Burden; Outlook Negative (August 5, 2011 from S&P report) 

· We have lowered our long-term sovereign credit rating on the United States of America to 'AA+' from 'AAA' and affirmed the 'A-1+' short-term rating.

· We have also removed both the short- and long-term ratings from CreditWatch negative.

· The downgrade reflects our opinion that the fiscal consolidation plan that Congress and the Administration recently agreed to falls short of what, in our view, would be necessary to stabilize the government's medium-term debt dynamics.

· More broadly, the downgrade reflects our view that the effectiveness, stability, and predictability of American policymaking and political institutions have weakened at a time of ongoing fiscal and economic challenges to a degree more than we envisioned when we assigned a negative outlook to the rating on April 18, 2011.

· Since then, we have changed our view of the difficulties in bridging the gulf between the political parties over fiscal policy, which makes us pessimistic about the capacity of Congress and the Administration to be able to leverage their agreement this week into a broader fiscal consolidation plan that stabilizes the government's debt dynamics any time soon.

· The outlook on the long-term rating is negative. We could lower the long-term rating to 'AA' within the next two years if we see that less reduction in spending than agreed to, higher interest rates, or new fiscal pressures during the period result in a higher general government debt trajectory than we currently assume in our base case.

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